A time bomb hidden in the belly
8 months ago
- The risks posed by fatty liver
- Being overweight and obese
- Diabetes mellitus
- Metabolic syndrome (Collective term for those with high sugar, cholesterol, blood pressure, and are overweight)
- Certain medications (Some heart medications and cancer medications)
- Certain infections of the liver (hepatitis)
- Liver enzyme tests (Serum Glutamic Pyruvic Transaminase [SGPT] or alanine aminotransferase [ALT]) – Suggest that the liver is injured but does not confirm the diagnosis
- Ultrasound scan of the liver – Might suggest excess fat in the liver and can detect complications of fatty liver such cirrhosis.
- Fibroscan – This is a special ultrasound scan available in some hospitals in the country which can find out the amount of fat and scar tissue in the liver.
- Liver biopsy – This is not a commonly performed test as it is invasive and the tests mentioned above gives the diagnosis in most cases, but in a very few patients with a diagnostic dilemma, a small part of the liver is taken and examined under the microscope, and this is the gold standard way to confirm a fatty liver.
- Diet – Increase fruits, vegetables, and fibre in the diet. Avoid fatty fish and meat. Consume low or nonfat milk. Reduce oil and fat intake. Cut down on sweets and sugary foods.
- Exercise – Moderate aerobic exercise for at least 30 minutes a day for five days a week.